Ignacio Allende Description: Mexican Independence: Biography of Ignacio Allende
Allende, Ignacio (1779-1811), Mexican revolutionist. Allende was born to a wealthy Creole family in the town of San Miguel el Grande (the name of the town is now San Miguel de Allende in his honor) . As a young man, he led a life of privilege and joined the army while in his twenties. By 1808 he returned to San Miguel, where he was put in charge of a royal cavalry regiment.He was a captain in the army when he joined the movement against Spanish domination. He played a prominent part in the revolution and after the great defeat at Calderón Bridge (Jan. 17, 1811) took chief command of the forces. His seizure of power left Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, with whom he had quarreled, only nominal control. The revolutionists hoped to reach the United States, but the treachery of one of their leaders led to capture by the royalists. Allende was shot at Chihuahua.
There was evidence that Allende was part of an underground conspiracy in Valladolid in 1809, but he was not punished. In early 1810 he became involved in another conspiracy, this one led by Mayor of Querétaro Miguel Domínguez and his wife. Allende was a valued leader because of his training, contacts and charisma.
El Grito de Dolores:
The conspirators secretly ordered weapons and spoke to influential Creole military officers. In September, 1810, they got word that their conspiracy had been found out and warrants issued for their arrests. Ignacio Maria de Allende, one of the major leaders in the War of Independence against Spanish rule, alongside Juan Aldama and Miguel Hidalgo, which rang the church bells and gave his legendary “Grito de Dolores” or “Cry of Dolores” in which he exhorted the poor of Mexico to take up arms against their Spanish oppressors, led an attack against the Spanish the morning of September 16, 1810 in Dolores, Guanajuato, and following several struggles, triumphantly reached Monte de las Cruces, where the famous Battle of Monte de las Cruces was fought and won on October 30. In 1811, Allende became a war prisoner, was killed and his head displayed in the Alhóndiga de Granaditas, Guanajuato. Allende’s remains now rest at the Column of Independence constructed in 1910 in Mexico City.