Archive | Informative

Anniversary of the Mexican Revolution

Posted on 20 November 2013 from Administrator

The Mexican Revolution is the armed movement that began in 1910 to end the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz and officially ended with the promulgation of the new Constitution of the Mexican United States of 1917 .

Under the command of Francisco I. Madero , in different parts of the Republic the battle cry “Real Democracy, no reelction” made people raise their arms. Also the nation, in addition to the civil and political rights, demanded democratic and social principles essential as: equality, justice, equity and freedom .

The Mexican Revolution laid the foundation for building a socially democratic nation .

At six o’clock in the evening of Sunday November 20, 1910 , accepting the provisions of Francisco I. Madero in the Plan of San Luis , some groups took up arms against the regime of Porfirio Diaz.

While in isolation, in subsequent weeks were appearing  numerous  and compelling uprisingsMadero could see that his call was effective and that, little by little, people began to walk the path of democracy and justice .

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Honorary Consul invited for Fiesta Nacional by the embassy of Spain

Posted on 18 October 2013 from Administrator

The anniversary of Columbus’ landing in the New World on October 12, 1492, is widely celebrated throughout the Americas.

Celebration of the anniversary in Spain dates to 1935, when the first festival was held in Madrid. However, on October 7, 1987, the name was changed to Fiesta Nacional, and October 12 became one of two national celebrations, along with Constitution Day on December 6.

Since 2000, October 12 has also been Spain’s Day of the Armed Forces, celebrated each year with a military parade in Madrid.To commemorate it, there is a parade led by the military and presided over by the Spanish king, who is the head of state, since Spain is politically organized as a constitutional monarchy.

In this historical day, the spanish embassy in Tirana held a reception which among the many invited were presten personalities of albanian politics such as Ilir Meta, EU ambasador, Ettore Sequi and the various diplomatic missions resident in Albania, as a special guest, ofcourse, was also The Honorary Consul of Mexico in Tirana, Mr. Ylli Ndroqi.

The Anniverssary of the Consummation of the Independence Day in 1821

Posted on 02 October 2013 from Administrator

The Mexican War of Independence (1810–1821) was an armed conflict between the people of Mexico and the Spanish colonial authorities which started on 16 September 1810. The movement, which became known as the Mexican War of Independence, was led by Mexican-born Spaniards, Mestizos and Amerindians who sought independence from Spain. It started as an idealistic peasants’ rebellion against their colonial masters, but ended as an unlikely alliance between Mexican ex-royalists and Mexican guerrilla insurgents.

From 1815 to 1821 most of the fighting by those seeking independence from Spain was done by isolated guerrilla bands. Out of these bands rose two men, Guadalupe Victoria (born José Miguel Fernández y Félix) in Puebla and Vicente Guerrero in Oaxaca, both of whom were able to command allegiance and respect from their followers. The Spanish viceroy, however, felt the situation was under control and issued a general pardon to every rebel who would lay down his arms.

After ten years of civil war and the death of two of its founders, by early 1820 the independence movement was stalemated and close to collapse. The rebels faced stiff Spanish military resistance and the apathy of many of the most influential criollos.

In what was supposed to be the final government campaign against the insurgents, in December 1820, Viceroy Juan Ruiz de Apodaca sent a force led by a royalist criollo officer, Colonel Agustín de Iturbide, to defeat Guerrero’s army in Oaxaca. Iturbide, a native of Valladolid (now Morelia), had gained renown for the zeal with which he persecuted Hidalgo’s and Morelos’s rebels during the early independence struggle. A favorite of the Mexican church hierarchy, Iturbide was thought of as the personification of conservative criollo values, devoutly religious, and committed to the defense of property rights and social privileges; he was also disgruntled at his lack of promotion and wealth.

While stationed in the town of Iguala, Iturbide proclaimed three principles, or “guarantees,” for Mexican independence from Spain; Mexico would be an independent monarchy governed by a transplanted King Ferdinand, another Bourbon prince, or some other conservative European prince, criollos and peninsulares would henceforth enjoy equal rights and privileges, and the Roman Catholic Church would retain its privileges and position as the official religion of the land.

Iturbide’s army was joined by rebel forces from all over Mexico. When the rebels’ victory became certain, the viceroy resigned. On 24 August 1821, representatives of the Spanish crown and Iturbide signed the Treaty of Córdoba, which recognized Mexican independence under the terms of the Plan of Iguala.[8] On September 27 the Army of the Three Guarantees entered Mexico City and the following day Iturbide proclaimed the independence of the Mexican Empire, as New Spain was to be henceforth called.

e Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire (Spanish: Acta de Independencia del Imperio Mexicano) is the foundational document of the empire, and therefore, of the Mexican nation. The morning after the Army of the Three Guarantees entered Mexico City on September 28, 1821, Agustín de Iturbide ordered the Supreme Provisional Governmental Junta (September 1821-February 1822) to meet to elect a president of the Imperial Regency and to issue a declaration of independence for the new nation. Iturbide was elected president of the Regency, and that afternoon the members of the Regency and the Supreme Junta signed the Declaration.

Declaration of the independence of the Mexican Empire, issued by its Sovereign Junta, assembled in the Capital on September 28, 1821.

The Mexican Nation, which for three hundred years had neither had its own will, nor free use of its voice, leaves today the oppression in which it has lived.

The heroic efforts of its sons have been crowned today, and consummated is an eternal and memorable enterprise, which a spirit superior to all admiration and praise, out of love and for the glory of its Country started in Iguala, continued, and brought to fruition, overcoming almost insurmountable obstacles.

Restored then this part of the North to the exercise of all the rights given by the Author of Nature and recognized as unalienable and sacred by the civilized nations of the Earth, in liberty to constitute itself in the manner which best suits its happiness and through representatives who can manifest its will and plans, it begins to make use of such precious gifts and solemnly declares by means of the Supreme Junta of the Empire that it is a Sovereign nation and independent of old Spain with which henceforth it will maintain no other union besides a close friendship in the terms prescribed by the treaties; that it will establish friendly relationships with other powers, executing regarding them whatever declarations the other sovereign nations can execute; that it will constitute itself in accordance to the bases which in the Plan of Iguala and the Treaty of Córdoba the First Chief of the Imperial Army of the Three Guarantees wisely established and which it will uphold at all costs and with all sacrifice of the means and lives of its members (if necessary); this solemn declaration, is made in the capital of the Empire on the twenty-eighth of September of the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, first of Mexican Independence.

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Boy Heroes of Chapultepec

Posted on 17 September 2013 from Administrator

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On May 13, 1846 the United States declared war on Mexico, with the aim of seizing Alta California, New Mexico and other territories in the north of the country.

On September 8, American invaders seized Molino del Rey, to advance towards the last Mexican military redoubt on their way to Mexico City: Chapultepec Castle, which housed the Military College, where there were over 50 cadets.

The castle’s defense was entrusted to General Nicolás Bravo, a former insurgent. However, the general had just over 800 soldiers to defend the fortress from over 7,000 U.S. soldiers.

General Bravo ordered the underage cadets to withdraw, but most did not. On the morning of September 12, 1847, American batteries engaged in an intense bombardment of the castle, to devastating effect.

At dawn on September 13, they once again bombarded the Castle but at nine o’clock the firing ceased, and the American soldiers began their ascent of the hill, on the west side. They fought hand to hand. The Mexicans fought bravely but the invaders were gaining ground and made it to the castle on the west side.

By the time the Americans reached the castle, only a few soldiers and cadets remained inside. Six of these Boy Heroes are etched in the country’s memory: Juan Escutia, Vicente Suárez, Fernando Montes de Oca, Francisco Márquez, Agustín Melgar and Lieutenant Juan de la Barrera, who gave their lives during the U.S. attack on Chapultepec Castle on September 13, 1847.

President Benito Juárez was the first to officially honor the epic deed of the Boy Heroes, by decreeing September 13th a national day of mourning in memory of the cadets who died in Chapultepec Castle.

The 237-th anniversary of U.S.A

Posted on 16 July 2013 from Administrator

Across the United States of America, as every July 4 for 237 years is celebrated Independence Day, date which in 1776 , 13 first American colonies declared independence from the British Empire.
Independence celebrations traditionally celebrated with fireworks, with parades in the capital and other major cities, as well as concerts, marching , picnics and patriotic songs. But, most Americans celebrate Independence Day with family dinners.

The most visited city at least in historical terms, is Philadelphia in the state of Pennsylvania, known as the birthplace of the U.S., where the founding fathers met to draft the Declaration of Independence. The main parade was held in Washington, where traditionally parade the veterans and musical bands from 50 countries from around the U.S.

In the anniversary of independence it is commemorated the country’s founders courage and are thanked the U.S. forces serving in different countries of the world, including the U.S. peacekeeping contingent in Kosovo which with their sacrifice and commitment are serving to peace for 14 years. America, a country built on ideals, equality and freedom would be for more than two centuries one of the most favorite places to emigrate, just looking for these ideals.

In this occasion the Embassy of the USA in Tirana organised a reception where most of the diplomats in Albania attended, one of the guests was the honorary consul of Mexico, Ylli Ndroqi.

Albania and Kroatia from Above

Posted on 16 July 2013 from Administrator

In the case of Croatia’s EU membership, was opened a photographic exhibition, entitled “Croatia and Albania from the air.” Croatian artist Nenad Rebershak, in cooperation with Albanian artist of aerial photographs Alket Islami, revealed photos of the most beautiful areas of Croatia and Albania made during their flights.

Present at the exhibition were known personalities such as ambassadors accredited in Albania, among which the U.S. ambassador Alexander Arvizu, European union ambassador Ettore Sequi, Minister of Culture Visar Zhiti and Croatian Ambassador Stipetic, which opened the exhibition.

President of RTV “Ora News ” Ylli Ndroqi was also present along with his wife and was enjoying stunning photographs of Albanian Riviera and mountain areas as all other dignitaries present at the event.

Egypt Embassy celebrates national holiday

Posted on 16 July 2013 from Administrator

While in Cairo was toppled the president, Egypt Embassy in Tirana organized a reception in honor of the national holiday. Present at the event were a number of personalities ranging from politicians to media people and a number of other diplomats in Albania, among them the U.S Ambassador Alexander Arvizu and the honorary consul of Mexico Ylli Ndroqi.

Egypt’s national holiday is on July 23 but due to the fasting month, the Egyptian Embassy has organized this event before.

23 July 1952 otherwise is known as the day of the revolution after through a military coup, King Farouk was forced to leave, who had aroused much resentment to the Egyptian people.

In the event organized to commemorate this date, were played the respective anthems and was cut the cake which symbolized the continuation of friendship between our two countries.

National Marines Day

Posted on 01 June 2013 from Administrator

diamarina June 1st, 1917 marks the initial event that resulted in the celebration of the Marines in Mexico.
Mexico’s history has shown the importance of being able to patrol and defend the country’s coastlines, in order to prevent invasions.

On this day for the first time, a 100% Mexican merchant ship sailed into the port of Veracruz. The Tabasco had an entirely Mexican-by-birth crew, and was under the command of High Sea Captain Rafael Izaguirre Castañares.

During World War II, two important events occurred. On the 13th and 20th of May, 1942, the Mexican oil tankers Potrero del Llano and Faja de Oro were sunk by German submarines lead by Captain Hermann Rasch; he assumed that all merchant ships in the area were allied with the enemy. Mexico was not yet involved in the war and its ships were unarmed and unable to defend themselves. This event spurred the country to enter the war against Germany.

Year after year, homage is also paid to the fallen crewmembers of the two ships.

The Mexican Navy, with the support of former President Fox, has come a long way toward modernization. Its motto is: “Over land, in the air, and on the sea.”

The National Marines


Their essential purpose is to monitor and prevent any foreign invasion attempt. They also prevent fishing boats from catching the country’s vital species for commercialization, in addition to being tasked with monitoring the integrity and autonomy of the national territory.

The Marines are divided into two areas: the Merchant Marines and the Navy.

Merchant Marines


Dedicated to commerce, including passenger ships and transport of goods; it is extremely important to the national economy as it is subject to, and operates to enforce, international treaties.

Cinco de Mayo and the Battle of Puebla, Mexico

Posted on 08 May 2013 from Administrator

Cinco de Mayo, literally “May the 5th,” is the holiday celebrating the Mexican victory over the French army on May the 5th, 1862, at Puebla, east of Mexico City.

The city of Puebla holds a big annual celebration on the anniversary of the battle. But in most of Mexico, Cinco de Mayo is not really an important holiday.

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The anniversary of this event is celebrated not only in Mexico but in many American communities with large Mexican-American populations—especially in the southwestern states of Texas, Arizona, and southern California. The events include parades, patriotic speeches, bullfights, barbecues, and beauty contests. Olvera Street in Los Angeles is particularly known for its Cinco de Mayo celebration. In the United States however, Cinco de Mayo has become, in recent years, the major Mexican-American celebration. Throughout the Southwest, and in other parts of the U.S., there are various Cinco de Mayo celebrations — parades, mariachi music performances, and exhibitions of Mexican dancing, etc.

The History

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The actual Cinco de Mayo battle was a part of a longer conflict called the French Intervention, which lasted from 1862 to 1867. The French military occupied Mexico and fought the republican government of President Benito Juarez.

French Emperor Napoleon III saw France as the protector of the Latin peoples, and had an ambitious plan to establish Mexico as a bulwark against the United States.

France invaded Mexico during the U.S. Civil War, which rendered the U.S. military unable to intervene. Part of the French emperor’s plan was a linkup with the Confederacy, thus neutralizing U.S. ability to thwart the French strategy.

On May 5th, 1862, north of the city of Puebla, the French Army under General Charles de Lorencez fought the Mexican army, under the command of General Ignacio Zaragoza.

A number of legends have grown up around this famous battle. The popular view is that the Mexican army was composed of sturdy peasants armed with machetes, who defeated a vastly superior invasion force. Another story says the French were trampled by a cattle stampede.

The Mexican army of 1862 was a fully equipped 19th century style military. At Puebla, Zaragoza had under his command regular infantry, artillery and cavalry. And, the Mexican troops were seasoned veterans of the recent War of the Reform (1857-1861).

It’s true that the French army outnumbered the Mexican army, but not by much. The French had 6,040 troops, and the Mexican army had 4,500 regular troops, and possibly additional volunteers (maybe those guys with machetes).

The Mexican army was on the hills, and the French had to fight uphill, never an enviable position to be in. Each army had the same quantity of cannon.

So Mexico won the battle, and Zaragoza sent a one-line report to President Juarez: “The national arms have been covered with glory.” The young general died only 4 months later, succumbing in September of 1862 to typhoid fever.

The 1862 Battle of Puebla had been a great morale booster for Mexico, and is still the most famous battle of the war, by far.

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May 1-st, celebrations in Mexico

Posted on 01 May 2013 from Administrator

May 1-st is celebrated in Mexico as everywhere else in the world as an international holiday for workers.

Labor day in Mexico finds private offices and the state administration closed as well, but it is not simply a day of relaxation. It is a day citizens and trade unions go to the streets to protest peacefully about labor issues that may arise for employees of various companies.

Labour unions join together to protest specifically for better health benefits, better work conditions and better treatment by employers.

International labour day celebrates the various labour and left-wing movements across the world. It is mostly observed by holding street marches and demonstrations by working class people and their labour unions.

May 1-st is a national holiday in more than 80 countries including Bolivia, India, Chile, Peru, Mexico, Uruguay, Bahrain, Bangladesh, China, Israel, Philippines, Nepal and Pakistan. It is also celebrated unofficially in various other countries.

Labour day has its origins in the eight-hour work day movement, which advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest.

On this day which is totally dedicated to workers rights the mexican consulate in tirana raised the mexican flag.