The United Mexican States, usually referred to as, Mexico, is a federal constitutional republic in North America. With an area of 2 million square kilometers, it ranks fifth largest country in the Americas and the 13th largest in the world. Mexico has a population of 111 million people, which makes it the 11-th most populated country in the world. Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District. Its capital is Mexico City.
Mexico is part of North America. It borders the United States of America in the north and the Pacific Ocean in the south and west; Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea in the southeast; and the Gulf of Mexico in the east.
The northern part of the country has a very hot and dry climate because its mountains are a barrier for oceanic winds. In the majority of the central plateau, the tropical climate gets milder as height increases. Over the height of 2000 meters, there is a mountainous climate. On the shores and Yucatán Peninsula, temperatures are elevated by the tropical climate.
Mexico is an industrial country and rich on natural resources. It is the world’s largest producer of silver and is rich in methane, gold, cooper, iron, zinc and lead. It’s most developed industries are metallurgy and the extraction and refining of petroleum. Its vast work force is a major attraction for many foreign investors, mainly from the U.S.A. Mexico’s economy ranks second in Latin America and twelfth worldwide.
During the last 40 years, the country has seen a boom in population growth. For many Mexicans, the only hope was immigrating to the United States. Its official language is Spanish, which is spoken by 90% of its population. Other languages include, Amerindian (Nahuatl, Mayan etc.). Over 90% of the population belongs to the catholic religion.
Two of its most populated areas are the central plateau and the American border. Important cities are Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey.
Maya (200 A.D – 900 A.D)
The Maya were one of the most advanced civilizations of the pre-Columbian era, characterized by developed and important ceremonial centers (whose symbol was the pyramid). They are the founders of Chichén Itzá, one of the most important cities of prehistoric Mexico and Palenque.
Tourism is one of the main sources of revenue for the Mexican economy. The central government and specific states are more and more trustful of the economic benefits from native and international visitors, albeit oil resources are ending and it is both difficult and expensive to explore for new oil reserves in greater subterranean arteries. New states like Quintana Roo build their budget exclusively with revenue from tourism. Its population is made of immigrants from across the country and foreigners. In the Carmen Plateau, for instance, there live many Italians.
Mexico is a presidential republic and its state leader is Enrique Peña Nieto